今日は2016年9月Lesson 11 Pay It Forward (2)で解説されています最初の4つの語句です。
Wu says, “An older couple kindly offered to cover it.” – To pay the cost of her meal.
You could also say, “He took out a loan to cover the cost of his college tuition.” Or “The company covers our commuting expenses.”
2. Extend the same kindness
According to Wu the couple said they hoped she would extend the same kindness to someone else somewhere down the road.
In this case, extend means give or provide. We also say “extend the same courtesy” and “extend the same respect”.
You might say, “I always try to be polite. I hope others will extend the same courtesy to me.” Or “He always listens to my opinion and I extend the same respect to him.”
3. Do a good deed for others
Grace says, “Paying it forward means doing good deeds for others without asking for anything in return.”
A good deed is some helpful generous action. We also have the saying, “No good deed goes unpunished.” Meaning good efforts often get us in trouble. They backfire somehow.
Let’s say, you offer to help someone with a project. And they say, “Yes, of course.” And they pile on more work and more work and you end up doing most of it. You could tell your friends, “Well, no good deed goes
4. In need
Grace says, “The recipient is asked to do a good turn for someone else in need.”
In need refers to a person who is struggling financially.
Things like, “This is a college scholarship for young people in need.”
“In need of” just means needing something. Like “This desk is need of a good cleaning” or, “I’m in need of a good tax accountant.”
３はpay it forwardの別の表現の仕方なので、覚えておきましょう。