1. In One’s Defense/In Someone’s Defense:
Wu says, “In our defense I’d point out that most members of my age group have grown up in a world where we don’t have to wait for anything.”
In one’s defense/In someone’s defense is often used to justify or explain a person’s actions or their position.
For example, ‘Yes, John fell asleep at the meeting, but in his defense he’s been working very hard.’ Or, ‘Yes, I know I missed the deadline, but in my defense I was given this work at the last minute.’
2. Perceived Need For:
McMillan says, “This perceived need for instant gratification isn’t anything new.”
Here perceived means viewed. Seen as existing.
We have the term perceived risk for example, which means the risk that is believed to accompany something. That’s the risk that is believed to exist regardless of whether it actually exists or not. So like, ‘the perceived risk to an investment.’
3. Not Anything New:
Something has happened before. It’s not a new occurrence, a new phenomenon.
We also say, nothing new.
Like, ‘Crooked politicians are nothing new, unfortunately.’
4. Wear Thin:
McMillian says, “Our patience has worn thin as a result.”
It’s very common to use wear thin together with patience. It means a person’s patience is running out. Like, ‘She’s always late with her work and my patience is wearing thin.’
We also say wear thin when something is less effective because it’s been done or used too much. Like a piece of fabric that is wearing thin. You could say, ‘He always blames his computer when his work is late and that excuse is wearing thin.’
5. Priority Pass:
Grace says, “It’s why you have people at theme parks paying for a priority pass so they don’t have to wait in line.”
A priority pass gives someone priority over other people. Let’s them go first or get some service first.
Likewise there’s priority parking for people with disabilities and priority seating on trains.
4.解説にあるように、It’s very common to use wear thin together with patienceがポイントです。
5.解説にある、gives someone priority overのoverも使えるようになっておきましょう。